Climate
Culture
Districts
Economy
History
Legal System
Living Standard
Location
Main Towns
Population
Politics
Social Security
State Identity
 

 


GENERAL INFORMATION
Climate
Fauna & Flora |Humidity | Rain Fall | Temperature

Fauna & Flora".... is a primary factor which helps sustain such a vast drainage pattern, the elevation brings different parts of the Kinabalu massif to different climatic zones......" "The extreme plant diversity on Kinabalu is supported by the rich variety of habitats on the massif due to elevation,
Rana Baramica Boettger
Photo:C.L. Chan
climate........" -K.M. Wong & C.L. Chan Mount Kinabalu, Borneo's Magic Mountain- Sabah, specifically in the Mt. Kinabalu region, has half of the 650 species of mosses known in Borneo, about 4000 vascular plant species, 611 species of ferns and fernalies, half of some 1500 species of orchids found in Borneo. Some 17 species of shrub are also found on Mt. Kinabalu. Other rare and unique plants such as Rhododendron, Nepenthes, oaks, conifers, herbs and bamboos are found only in Kinabalu (see Kinabalu, Summit Of Borneo, ed. KM Wong & A Phillipps for details).
Humidity
Sabah has a high humidity in its atmosphere, especially at noon where the humidity averages 70 %.

MONTHLY STATISTICAL BULLETIN SABAH FEBRUARY 2000
Meteorological Observations at Meteorological Station, International Airport Kota Kinabalu
Period Mean relative humidity at 2 p.m.(%)
1995 71.3
1996 71.2
1997 69.9
1998 69.9
1999 71.5
  
1999 Jan 75.0
Feb 74.0
Mar 74.0
Apr 70.0
May 74.0
June 66.0
July 67.0
Aug 70.0
Sept 70.0
Oct 74.0
Nov 71.0
Dec 73.0
2000 Jan 71.0
Note: This Meteorological station is at 2.3 metres above mean sea-level
Source: Malaysia Meteorological Service

Humidity Mean Chart
ChartObject Mean  Humidity

ChartObject Chart 7

Air Temperature in°C
MONTHLY STATISTICAL BULLETIN SABAH FEBRUARY 2000
Meteorological Observations at Meteorological Station, International Airport Kota Kinabalu
Period
Air temperature in °C
  Mean Absolute
1995 31.8 24.0 34.1 20.9
1996 31.5 23.8 34.1 19.7
1997 31.9 24.2 34.0 19.8
1998 32.4 24.6 35.7 20.5
1999 31.6 24.1 34.2 21.8
         
1999 Jan 30.6 24.0 32.2 22.7
Feb 30.5 23.7 32.2 22.4
Mar 31.6 24.1 32.7 22.8
Apr 32.4 24.5 34.2 23.2
May 31.7 24.3 33.8 23.2
June 32.3 24.2 33.9 21.8
July 31.9 24.0 33.6 22.7
Aug 31.8 24.0 33.7 22.5
Sept 32.0 23.9 33.6 22.8
Oct 31.6 24.0 33.2 22.8
Nov 31.7 23.7 33.1 22.6
Dec 31.5 24.2 33.0 22.7
2000 Jan 31.1 23.5 33.3 22.4
Note: This Meteorological station is at 2.3 metres above mean sea level
Source: Malaysia Meteorological Service

ChartObject Air Temperature in °C

ChartObject Air Temperature in °C

^ Top Of Page

 

Rain Fall
On average, Sabah receives 2,908.7mm of rainfall annually in most part of the state. The North-East Monsoon blows approximately from November to April bringing heavy rain to the east coast. From statistics, Sabah encounters rain half the number of days in a year. Most of the rain are of tropical rainstorms due to extremely high evaporation rate. Rainfall can measure as much as 212mm in one day.

MONTHLY STATISTICAL BULLETIN SABAH FEBRUARY 2000
Meteorological Observations at Meteorological Station, International Airport Kota Kinabalu
Period Rainfall
    Maximum Number
  Total(mm) in a day(mm) of days
       
1995 3,193.80 154.7 189
1996 2,787.90 160.2 201
1997 1,920.60 114.6 153
1998 2,253.20 105.0 165
1999 2,908.70 212.3 207
       
1999 Jan 375.6 212.3 18
Feb 154.2 69.6 13
Mar 163.6 37.3 17
Apr 151.4 42.4 17
May 288.9 86.9 22
June 127.4 30.7 13
July 95.9 39.4 12
Aug 260.3 49.4 18
Sept 282.8 74.3 18
Oct 466.8 126.5 22
Nov 291.2 88.2 16
Dec 250.6 45.5 21
2000 Jan 52.1 13.2 15
Note: This Meteorological station is at 2.3 metres above mean sea level
Source: Malaysia Meteorological Service

Total Rainfall
ChartObject Total Rainfall

Total Monthly Rainfall

ChartObject Total Monthly Rainfall

^ Top Of Page

Temperature
Sunset at Pulau Manukan
Photo: Y.M.Kung
The tropical temperatures range between 22 °C and 33 °C throughout the year. The climate is influenced by the North-East and South-West Monsoons which blows alternately during the year. The North-East Monsoon blows approximately from November till April hence bringing heavy rain to the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak. The South-West Monsoon season is a drier period for the whole country, particularly the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia, which is sheltered by the land mass of Sumatra. Average annual rainfall is about 250 centimetres for Peninsular Malaysia and 300 centimetres for Sabah and Sarawak. 

^ Top Of Page

 
All information are compiled by Jesselton Communications Sdn.Bhd. 2000.