Climate
Culture
Districts
Economy
History
Legal System
Living Standard
Location
Main Towns
Population
Politics
Social Security
State Identity

GENERAL INFORMATION
Main Towns  

Beaufort | Beluran | Keningau | Kinabatangan | Kota Belud | Kota Kinabalu | Kota Marudu | Kuala Penyu | Kudat | Kunak | Lahad Datu | Nabawan | Papar | Penampang | Pitas | Ranau | Sandakan | Semporna | Sipitang | Tambunan | Tawau | Tenom | Tuaran

Sandakan
Location
Sandakan is situated on the East coast of Sabah. On its west is the interior mountain ranges and on the east is the Sulu Sea.

History and Introduction

Sandakan began in the early 1870's as three small villages in the coastal region. The name "Sandakan" is from an old Sulu word meaning "The place that was pawned"; the reason for this is unknown.

Photo: Y.M.Kung
The town was known as "Elopura", which means 'the beautiful place", for more than 200 years before it was given the name Sandakan.

Developed by the British Chartered Company about a hundred years ago, it developed and grew quickly as one of the largest settlements in North Borneo (Sabah). The reason for its rapid growth was due to the many - in fact as many as 43 - commodities that could be exported in the late 19th Century. Sandakan was once the capital because of its bright prospects and the need for an administrative centre on the East coast.

The port was important for the lucrative tobacco, cocoa, coffee, manila hemp and sago exports. Even before the advent of the tractors and chain saws the timber industry boomed as early as 1890s. In the mid 1930s, Sandakan's timber export reached the record figure of 180,000 cu m, making it the largest timber exporting port of tropical wood in the world.





Vital Population Statistics (1991 census)
Total population: 222,817
Female population: 108,576
Male population: 114,241
 
Malay Population: 14,922
Dusun Population: 1,480
Kadazan Population: 6,696
Bajau Population: 20,201
Murut Population: 243
Other Bumiputera Population: 35,252
Chinese Population: 45,637
Indonesian Population: 24,445
Other Non-Bumiputera Population: 6,235
 
Total Malaysian Citizen Population: 155,384
Non-Malaysian Citizen Population: 67,433
 
distribution of Population: 12.9%
Population Density: 98 per Sq. Km
Source: Yearbook of Statistics Sabah, 1999

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Semporna
Location

Semporna is in the Tawau Division and is situated on the South Eastern coast of Sabah. The interior mountain ranges stand on its west and the Celebes Sea on its east.

General Information

Semporna was founded not long after the British established Sandakan. The name 'Semporna,' means 'a place of rest,' and was given after the British overcame resistance from the local Bajaus in the mid 1880s.

Resistance from factions of seafaring Bajaus continued and created great concern to the British rulers. Several acts of forced order were recorded. Rules were made to try to stop the mobility of Bajaus. Some settled down then, but some eventually lived on shore, in houses on stilts and became the Sea Bajaus. Traditional timber boats with elaborate carvings can still be found today.

Chinese traders played an important role in building up the economy of this isolated town off the south-east coast of Sabah.

Marine products are still the main source of livelihood for the local inhabitants. The Kaya Pearl Farm started in 1963 covers thousands of hectares, and produces a wide range of pearls for local and international market.


Vital Population Statistics (1991 census)
Total population: 91,828
Female population: 44,614
Male population: 47,214
 
Malay Population: 1,657
Dusun Population: 91
Kadazan Population: 307
Bajau Population: 42,156
Murut Population: 23
Other Bumiputera Population: 5,309
Chinese Population: 1,149
Indonesian Population: 3,587
Other Non-Bumiputera Population: 556
 
Total Malaysian Citizen Population: 54,835
Non-Malaysian Citizen Population: 36,993
 
distribution of Population: 5.3%
Population Density: 80 per Sq. Km
Source: Yearbook of Statistics Sabah, 1999

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Sipitang
Location
Sipitang is situated in the Interior Division, the south-western part of the state. On the west, it is facing the South China Sea.


Vital Population Statistics (1991 census)

Total population: 24,349
Female population: 11,150
Male population: 13,199
 
Malay Population: 3,332
Dusun Population: 969
Kadazan Population: 1,414
Bajau Population: 460
Murut Population: 2,355
Other Bumiputera Population: 8,545
Chinese Population: 1,302
Indonesian Population: 1,646
Other Non-Bumiputera Population: 577
 
Total Malaysian Citizen Population: 20,600
Non-Malaysian Citizen Population: 3,749 %
 
distribution of Population: 1.4%
Population Density: 9 per Sq. Km
Source: Yearbook of Statistics Sabah, 1999

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Tambunan
Location
Tambunan is situated in the Interior Division, the south- western part of the state.

Vital Population Statistics (1991 census)
Population: 180 Murut Population: 83 Other Bumiputera Population: 439 Chinese Population: 283 Indonesian Population: 122 Other Non-Bumiputera Population: 63 Total Malaysian Citizen Population: 19,072 Non-Malaysian Citizen Population: 654 % distribution of Population: 1.1% Population Density: 15 per Sq. Km

Total population: 19,726
Female population: 9,673
Male population: 10,053
 
Malay Population: 272
Dusun Population: 17,086
Kadazan Population: 544
Bajau Population: 180
Murut Population: 83
Other Bumiputera Population: 439
Chinese Population: 283
Indonesian Population: 122
Other Non-Bumiputera Population: 63
 
Total Malaysian Citizen Population: 19,072
Non-Malaysian Citizen Population: 654%
 
distribution of Population: 1.1%
Population Density: 15 per Sq. Km
Source: Yearbook of Statistics Sabah, 1999

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 Copy right All information are compiled by Jesselton Communications Sdn.Bhd. 2000.ed